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Knowing Allah
  
  

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Creation date 2013-03-25 18:34:32
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Manhaj as-Saalikeen, Point I

 

In the Name of Allah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy


Imaam as-Sa`dee, may Allāh have mercy upon him, said:1


Fiqh is knowledge of the subsidiary legislative rulings with their evidences from the Book and the Sunnah, scholarly consensus and correct qiyaas (analogical deduction).

 


1. The Five Rulings


1. al-Waajib [Obligatory]: It is that which the one who performs it is rewarded, and the one who leaves it is punished.


2. al-Haraam [Forbidden]: It is the complete opposite [of al-Waajib]. [The one who performs it is liable to punishment, and the one who leaves it is rewarded].


3. al-Makrooh [Disliked]: It is that which the one who leaves it is rewarded, and the one who performs it is not punished.


4. al-Masnoon [Prescribed from Sunnah]: It is the complete opposite [of al-Makrooh]. [The one who performs it is rewarded, and the one who leaves it is not punished].


5. al-Mubaah [Permissible]: It is that which performing it and abandoning it are equal.

 


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[1] Imaam `Abdur-Rahmaan as-Sa`dee, Manhaj as-Saalikīn wa Tawdeeh al-Fiqh fī ad-Deen, p35-36 [Daar ibn al-Jawzee, 2nd Edition, 1432].




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