the disgrace of tabar'roj
(display of woman's charm)
(1)tabar'roj is a disobedience to allah & his messenger
the one who disobeys allah and his messenger (pbuh) can
only harm himself and cannot in any way harm allah. the
messenger of allah (pbuh) said:
"كُلُّ أُمّتي يَدخُلونَ الجنَّةَ إلاَّ من أبى" فقالوا: يا رسولَ الله من يأبى؟ قال: "من
أطاعني دخلَ الجنّة ومن عصاني فقد أبى"
"all of my followers will enter aj-jannah (heaven) except those who
refuse." they said, "o allah's messenger! who will refuse? "
he said, "whoever obeys me will enter aj-jannah, and
whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it)."(1)
it is reported that mu'awiyah (may allah be pleased with him) gave a sermon in humss (syria) and mentioned that the prophet (pbuh) prohibited seven things and that he (pbuh) named tabar'roj as one of
them(2). abdullah bin mas'oud (may allah be pleased with him) reported that theprophet (pbuh) "used to dislike ten kinds of behavior and he (abdullah) mentioned amongst them: "tabar'roj by means of
displaying beautification in an improper place."( 3) imam as-
siyouti, may allah's mercy be upon him said: "tabar'roj by
displaying beautification is showing off to strangers and this is
disliked. this is the explanation of "an improper place." it is
not so if the beautification is done for the husband.
(1) saheeh al-bukhari (english-arabic, dar al-arabia, publ. beirut,
lebanon), v.9, hadeeth # 384, p.284
(2) narrated by imam ahmed in his mussnad 4/101-arabic.
(3) narrated by an-nissa'ee in his " sunan "arabic 8/141.
(2) tabar'roj is a grave destructive sin
umay'mah, the daughter of ruqay'ah came to the messenger
of allah to acknowledge the message of islam and that he
(pbuh) is the messenger of allah (the almighty). the prophet
(pbuh) told her: "i give my acknowledgment that you must
not set partners to worship besides allah and that you don't
steal or commit fornication and adultery, that you don't kill
your child, that you don't commit any falsehood before your
hands and between your legs, that you don't wail, and that
you don't make tabar'roj like that of jahilyeeyah(4). it is clear
that the prophet (pbuh) associated tabar'roj with grave
(4) narrated by imam ahmed in his "mussnad" 2/196. the scholar ahmed
shaker, may allah's mercy be upon him, said : " its chain of narration is
good". he also said that ibin khatheer in his "tafseer :explanation of the
qur'an 8: 327-328" mentioned this hadeeth saying, "its chain of narration
is good" and he narrated it to at-tirmidhi, an-nissa'ee and ibin majah.
(3)tabar'roj brings the curse and expulsion
from the mercy of allah.
the messenger of allah (pbuh) said:
"سيَكُونُ في آخِر أُمَّتي نساءٌ كاسِياتٌ عارياتٌ، على رُؤوسِهِنَّ كأسنِمَةِ البُختِ،
إلعَنوهُنّ فإنَّهُنَّ ملعونات"
"there shall be, in the latter part of my nation, women who
are dressed but (in fact) naked, on their heads are humps like
those of bukht (one kind of camels), curse them for they are
(5) at-tabarani narrated this hadeeth in "al-mu'jam as-sagheer" p.232 and
al-albani said it saheeh as in his book "the hijab" p.56. as-siyouti
narrated on behalf of ibin abdul'barr that: "the prophet (pbuh) intended
women who put on light clothes that shows off and shapes the body
descriptions. in reality they are naked although they have clothes on them!".
(4)tabar'roj is an attribute of the people of
the messenger of allah (pbuh) said:
"صِنفان من أهلِ النَّار لم أرَهُما: قومٌ معَهُم سِياطٌ كأذناب البَقر يضرِبونَ بها
النَّاس، ونِساءٌ كاسِياتٌ عارِياتٌ، مُميلاتٌ، رُؤوسَهُنَّ كأسنِمَةِ البُختِ المائِلة، لا
يَدْخُلنِ الجنَّةَ، ولا يَجِدْنَ ريحَها، وإنَّ ريحَها لَيوجَدُ من مَسيرةِ كذا وكذا"
of the people of hell there are two types whom i have never
seen, the one possessing whips like the tail of an ox and they
flog people with them. the second one, women who would be
naked in spite of their being dressed, who are seduced (to
wrong paths) and seduce others with their hair high like
humps. these women would not get into aj-jannah and they
would not perceive its odor, although its fragrance can be
perceived from such and such distance.( 6)
(6) saheeh muslim (english-arabic, published by dar al-arabia, beirut.
lebanon) v. 4 hadeeth # 6840 p. 1486.
(5)tabar'roj is darkness on the day of resurrection
it is narrated that the prophet (pbuh) said:
"مَثَلُ الرَّافِلَةِ في الزَّينَةِ في غيرِ أهلِها، كَمَثَلِ ظُلْمَةٍ يوم القيامة، لا نور لها"
the parable of a woman who moves with slow sweeping
motion, trailing her beautified clothes, performing not for her
husband, is like darkness on the day of judgment; she has (or
comes with) no light,"( 7)
"خَيْرُ نِسائِكُم الوَدود، الوَلُود، المُواتِية، المُواسية، إذا اتَّقيْنَ الله، وشَرّ نِسائِكُم
المُتَبَرَّجات المًتَخَيَّلات، وهُنَّ المُنافِقات، لا يَدخُلِ الجنَّةَ مِنْهُنَّ إلاَّ مِثلُ الغُرابِ
(7) narrated by imam at-tirmidhi in his "sunan" # 1167. al-albani said it
is a weak hadeeth (see al-albani's collection "ad-da'eefah" (collection
of weak hadeeths) # 1800. abu bakr bin arabi, may allah's mercy be
upon him, said: "at-tirmidhi narrated this hadeeth and said it is weak but
its meaning is correct because the "enjoyment" in disobedience is in fact
torture and suffering……". the meaning indicates that this type of
women will come on the day of judgment blackened in darkness as if
she physically originated from darkness. in contrast, what appears to be
difficult and painful in performance of obedient acts, is a true enjoyment
because of the reward awaiting those who obey allah and his messenger
e.g. the odor of the mouth of a fasting muslim may not be pleasant in
this world. to allah, however, it is better than the odor of musk because
the muslim had obeyed allah and performed what is due upon him from
fasting. similarly the woman wearing her hijab may be looked upon as
"reactionary, old fashioned, a walking tent! etc." she is the winner on the
day of judgment and those who mock her put themselves on a dangerous
road. they may be subjected to the wrath of allah.
(6)tabar'roj is nifaq (hypocrisy)
the prophet (pbuh) said:
"the best of your women is the affectionate , the fertile (in
productivity), the propitious (favorable), the consultative if
they fear allah. the most evil of your women are the
mutabar'rijat (those who do tabar'roj), the mutakhayelat
(who strut/the almightyagger), and they are the hypocrite ones. those
who enter aj-jannah are like the cough crow."( 8) the cough
crow has a red beak and red legs. this is an expression of
metonymy indicating that few women enter heaven because
this kind of crow is rare.
(8) reported by al-baihaqi in "as-sunan" v.7 p.82. also reported by
abu na'eem in "al-hiliyah" v. 8, p. 376 with a reference to abdullah
bin masoud (may allah be pleased with him) as the narrator. see also al-albani's "chain of
authentic hadeeths - arabic" # 1849 and 632.
(7) tabar'roj is disgraceful
the prophet (pbuh) said:
"أَيُّمَا امرأةٍ وَضَعَت ثِيابَها في غيرِ بيتِ زَوجِها، فقد هتَكَت سِترَ ما بينها وبين الله عزَّ وجَلَّ"
"any woman who takes off her clothes in other than her
husbands home (to show off for an unlawful purpose), has
broken the shield between her and allah."( 9) imam al-
man'nawi, may allah have mercy upon him, said: "the saying
of the prophet (pbuh) ' any woman who takes off her clothes
in other than her husbands home' means showing off her
beauty to strangers by taking off her shield of clothes. she
"has broken the shield between her and allah" because allah