The final phase begins with the conquest of Makkah, which is a demonstration of meticulous planning and the use of overwhelming force to achieve a victory with practically no loss of life on either side of the battle front. The stunning magnanimity and humility shown during victory by muhammad and his companions is unmatched in history. He is humble in victory, compassionate, and forgiving to even his most intractable opponents.
The final sermon consolidates the social, economic, and moral changes that have been brought about in the society. It is time to prepare for the end.
The anatomy of the mission, its growth and evolution in some ways parallels the various stages of human life itself. These various phases reflect not only the growing sophistication of the message but also the increasing maturity of the audience to whom the message is directed. The audience grows in its understanding of what it would take to bear the burden of passing on the message to posterity.
The Prophet's mission in its most fundamental analysis was to interpret and spread the quranic ideology. This quran centered spirituality remains the constant theme through all of the phases of his life. The Quran says about him "indeed there is for you in the messenger of allah an excellent pattern" (quran 33:21). his wife Ayesha (may allah be pleased with her) calls him the living embodiment of the Quran. It is this complementary bequest of the Quran and Sunna that is our special blessing.
Over time, many differences based on dogma, politics, personality cults and egos have emerged amongst the followers of Islam. In spite of many heterodox sects, the core messages of Quran, and its realization in the life of the prophet are alive and potent, and continue to provide spiritual solace, intellectual satisfaction and societal discipline to many making Islam the fastest growing religion in the world.
Javeed akhter, is the executive director of the chicago based international strategy and policy institute and he is the author of the book "the seven phases of prophet muhammad's life,"