khaibar was a spacious strongly fortified territory, studded with castles and farms, lying at a distance of 60-80 miles north of madinah, now a village known for its uncongenial climate. after al-hudaibiyah treaty, the major party of the anti-islam tripartite coalition — quraish, the bedouin horde of najd tribes and the jews — was neutralized, therefore, the prophet [pbuh] deemed it an appropriate time to settle his affairs with the other two wings — the jews and the najd tribes — in order that peace and security could prevail and the muslims may devote their time and effort in propagating the message of allâh and calling people to embrace it. khaibar itself had always remained a hotbed of intrigue and conspiracy, and the jews had always constituted it a source of military provocations and war instigation centre, so it was given a top priority on the agenda of the prophet’s compelling exigencies. the jews of khaibar had united by an ancient alliance with the confederates, triggered bani quraiza to practise treachery, maintained contacts with ghatfan and the arabians and they even devised an attempt at the prophet’s life. in fact, the continual afflictions that the muslims had sustained were primarily attributable to the jews. envoys were repeatedly sent to them for peaceful settlement, but all in vain. consequently the prophet [pbuh] came to the conclusion that a military campaign was a must in order to forestall their hostilities.