Sha'baan: A Blessed Month that People Neglect - II

The wisdom of fastingSha’baanmore than other months:

Ibn Al Qayyim may Allaah have mercy upon himsaid inTahtheeb As-Sunan,
“There are three points about fasting the month of Sha’baan more than other months:
First: the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )used to fast three days every month. Perhaps he was busy and could not fast in some months, so he gathered all these in Sha’baan to fast them before the obligatory fast.
Second: he may have done so to honor Ramadhaan. This fast is similar to the regular voluntary prayers before the obligatory ones to honor them.
Third: it is a month when deeds are raised to Allaah The Almighty. Thus, the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )liked his deeds to be raised while he was fasting.”
Ibn Hajar may Allaah have mercy upon himseconded this last opinion. He said,"Priority is given here to a more authentic Hadeeth which is: it was narrated on the authority of Usaamah ibn Zayd that he inquired,‘"O Messenger of Allaah, I never find you fasting in any month like you do during the month of Sha’baan."The Prophet sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )said:"That is a month that people neglect. It comes between Rajab and Ramadhaan. It is a month in which the deeds are raised to the Lord of the Worlds. I love my deeds to be raised while I am fasting."’[An-Nasaa’i and Abu Daawood] [Ibn Khuzaymah:Saheeh]
A similar narration was narrated by ’Aa’ishah on the authority of Abu Ya‘la where the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )said:“Allaah writes the names of those who are to die during the course of the year. So, I would rather not record my name except while I am fasting.”
How is it that the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ), did not fast frequently inMuharram, despite the fact that he said:"it is the best fast"and he encouraged fasting inSha’baan?
This confusion was resolved by An-Nawawi may Allaah have mercy upon himand narrated by Ibn Hajar may Allaah have mercy upon him. He said,"Perhaps the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )did not know this except by the end of his life; so, he was not able to fast a lot in Muharram. The other possibility is that he had many excuses such as travelling and illness, for example, which prevented him from fasting frequently in it."
Ibn Rajab may Allaah have mercy upon himadopts the view that fasting inSha’baanis better thanMuharrambecause of theHadeeth(narration) by At-Tirmithi may Allaah have mercy upon himwho said,"Fasting in Sha’baan resembles the regular voluntary prayers before or after the obligatory ones. On the other hand, when the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi was sallam, said:‘The best fast after Ramadhaan is the month of Allaah; Al-Muharram’, he meant voluntary fasting in general. However, the virtue of the fasting that precedes and follows Ramadhaan is narrated thereto. It falls between two great months, the forbidden month and the month of fasting. There might be something better than that whose virtue is known; either in general or for a certain privilege."[Al-Lataa’if]
Another virtue:
Another virtue is mentioned aboutSha’baan. Mu‘aath ibn Jabal may Allaah be pleased with himnarrated that the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )said:“On the night of mid-Sha’baan, Allaah looks at His creation and forgives all of them except for the polytheist and the quarrelsome."[At-Tabaraani] [Al Albaani:Saheeh]
A final say about the night of mid-Sha’baan:
Shaykhul-Islam may Allaah have mercy upon himsaid (Al-Fataawa Al-Misriyyah),"The night of mid-Sha’baan has virtues. Some predecessors used to perform Qiyaam (voluntary night prayer) on it. However, gathering in mosques to revive it is a religious innovation. Rather, they used to pray in their houses like the usual Qiyaam night prayers. If some people gather to pray on this night as well as other nights without constantly doing so, there is no harm for the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )led Ibn ‘Abbaas and Huthayfah in prayer. The ruler should prohibit these innovated gatherings."Ibn Rajab may Allaah have mercy upon himsaid,"This is the opinion adopted by Al-Awzaa‘i, the Imaam, jurist and scholar of the people of Shaam. It is the most correct opinion, Allaah willing."
Concerning theHadeeth:"When the middle of Sha’baan comes, do not fast"which was narrated by Ahmad, Abu Daawood, An-Nasaa’i and Ibn Maajah, it is aMunkarHadeethand classed as weak by Ibn Mahdi, Ahmad, Abu Zur‘ah and Al-Athram may Allaah have mercy upon them. It was narrated by Ahmad may Allaah have mercy upon himfor theHadeethin which the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention )says:"Do not precedeRamadhaan by fasting the day or two before it."However, what is understood from theHadeethis that it is permissible to fast two days beforeRamadhaan. At-Tahaawi may Allaah have mercy upon thembelieves that it is abrogated. In any case, there was a consensus to abandon acting upon it. Regarding the day of mid-Sha’baan, it is not prohibited to fast on it, as it one of the White Days.
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