allaah has blessed his slaves with certain seasons of goodness, in which hasanaat (rewards for good deeds) are multiplied, sayi’aat (bad deeds) are forgiven, people’s status is raised, the hearts of the believers turn to their master, those who purify themselves attain success and those who corrupt themselves fail. allaah has created his slaves to worship him, as he says (interpretation of the meaning):
“and i (allaah) created not the jinns and humans except that they should worship me (alone).” [al-dhaariyaat 51:56]
one of the greatest acts of worship is fasting, which allaah has made obligatory on his slaves, as he says (interpretation of the meaning):
“… observing al-sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-baqarah 2:183]
allaah encourages his slaves to fast:
“… and that you fast, it is better for you, if only you know.” [al-baqarah 2:184 – interpretation of the meaning]
he guides them to give thanks to him for having made fasting obligatory on them:
“… that you should magnify allaah for having guided you so that you may be grateful to him.” [al-baqarah 2:185 – interpretation of the meaning]
he has made fasting dear to them, and has made it easy so that people do not find it too hard to give up their habits and what they are used to. allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“… for a fixed number of days…” [al-baqarah 2:184]
he has mercy on them and keeps them away from difficulties and harm, as he says (interpretation of the meaning:
“… but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days…” [al-baqarah 2:184]
no wonder then, that in this month the hearts of the believers turn to their most merciful lord, fearing their lord above them, and hoping to attain his reward and the great victory (paradise).
as the status of this act of worship is so high, it is essential to learn the ahkaam (rulings) that have to do with the month of fasting so that the muslim will know what is obligatory, in order to do it, what is haraam, in order to avoid it, and what is permissible, so that he need not subject himself to hardship by depriving himself of it.
this book is a summary of the rulings, etiquette and sunnah of fasting. may allaah make it of benefit to myself and my muslim brothers. praise be to allaah, lord of the worlds.