Open Preaching of Islam
The warner’s cries kept reverberating through Makkah. Shortly afterwards, Allah Almity revealed His Command of open and general preaching of Islam, saying: "Proclaim openly that which you are commanded, and turn away from the Mushrikin." (pbuh).
The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) rose and publicly preached Islam in the assemblies and societies of Quraish, reciting to them the Book of Allah, saying to them what previous messengers said to their people:
O my people, worship Allah. You have no god other than Him
(Al-A‘raf 7: 59)
The Messenger (pbuh), alone carrying upon his shoulders the mountainous task of guiding humanity to their Creator, went from one house to another in Mina, crying out:
O people, Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, commands you to worship Him and associate nothing with Him.
(reported by Ahmad)
The way to the goal was beset with intolerable hardships and challenges, which the Messenger (pbuh) wisely surmounted. He (pbuh) patiently endured persecution while conveying the Message.
An eyewitness, Rabi‘ah bin ‘Abbad Ad-Daili, related: “I saw the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) with my own eyes in Dhil- Majaz marketplace, walking through its streets, crying, ‘O people, say, ‘La ilaha illa Allah (there is no god but Allah)’ and you will succeed.’ People crowded around him, but I did not see anyone saying anything. Yet he was never silent and kept saying, ‘O people, say, ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ and you will succeed.’ Close behind him was a man, squint-eyed, handsome, with two braids, who was saying, ‘He is an apostate, a liar.’ I asked, ‘Who is this?’ They said, ‘Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah, and he speaks of prophethood.’ I said, ‘Who is this one denying him?’ They said, ‘His uncle, Abu Lahab.’”( reported by Ahmad).
Another witness, an old man from Banu Malik bin Kinanah, said:
I saw the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) moving through Dhil-Majaz marketplace while saying, ‘O people, say, ‘La ilaha illa Allah (there is no god but Allah)’ and you will succeed.’ Abu Jahl was casting dust upon him and saying, ‘O people, do not let this (man) delude (tempt) you away from your religion. He only wants that you desert your gods and desert Al-Lat and Al-‘Uzza (two idols of the pagan Arabs).’ The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) did not heed him
The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked about the Ayah that was the hardest on him when revealed from heaven, and he (pbuh) replied: I was in Mina, during Hajj season, when Arab Mushrikin and people from various places would gather for the (Hajj) season. Jibril (Gabriel) came down to me and said:
O Messenger, proclaim that which has been revealed to you from your Lord. If you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allah guides not the people who disbelieve
(Al-Ma’idah 5: 67)
I stood at Al-‘Aqabah and called out, “O people, who will support me in conveying the Message of my Lord and have Paradise (as reward)? O people, say, ‘La ilaha illa Allah (there is no god but Allah),’ and that I am the Messenger of Allah for you, and you will succeed and Paradise will be yours.” But not a man, woman, or child remained who did not cast dust and stones at me and spit in my face, saying, “A liar, an apostate.”
Then there appeared to me one who said, “O Muhammad, if you are the Messenger of Allah, it is time for you to invoke Allah against them as Nuh (Noah) invoked destruction against his people.” The Prophet (pbuh) said, “O Allah, guide my people, for they know not, and support me over them so that they respond to me in obeying You.”