The 36th Call: Prohibition of taking the Disbelievers as
Almighty Allah says (what can be translated as): “O you who have believed, take not those who have taken your religion in ridicule and amusement among the ones who were given the Scripture before you nor the disbelievers as allies. And fear Allah, if you should [truly] be believers. And when you call to prayer, they take it in ridicule and amusement. That is because they are a people who do not use reason.” (Al-Ma’idah: 57-58)
Almighty Allah commands the believers not to take the enemies of Islam as allies such as the People of Scripture and the polytheists. They take the pure legislations of Islam as a mockery to make fun of them and they consider them a play and amusement. They wish for the end of Islam and his people. Almighty Allah commands the believers to fear Him and not to take those enemies as allies if they are true and honest believers of the Sharia of Allah.
Those enemies make fun of the call to prayer, the prayers and worship of the Lord. They take religion into ridicule, amusement and mockery because they are people who do not realize the meaning of worship, the Sharia of Allah and prayers which are the most honorable and best actions for those who are reasonable and sane.
This is the sort of action which is bound to infuriate any believer who feels that he himself is treated in total disrespect, when an insult is directed against his faith and worship of the Lord, and when his position as he stands to offer his worship and establish prayer is ridiculed. How, then, can any alliance or patronage be forged between the believers and anyone who shares in such a disgraceful action, simply because his mind is impaired? No man of sound mind would ever ridicule the Divine faith or the worship of believers to the Lord, because a sound mind recognizes the pointers to faith in everything around it.
It is only when the mind is impaired or when it deviates from the truth that such pointers are not recognized? This is because such a person’s attitude towards the whole universe around him is unsound. Everything in existence gives the same message that it has a Creator who deserves to be worshipped and glorified. A sound mind appreciates the beauty of worshipping the Creator of the universe. Hence, it does not make fun of something so beautiful and dignified.
Such mockery and ridicule used to be the action of unbelievers. In particular, it used to be the action of the Jews when the Qur’an was being revealed to Allah’s Messenger, (Peace Be upon Him), so that he would convey the verses to the Muslim community. We have no mention in the history of the period of any single incidence of this type by the Christians. However, Allah is stating for the Muslim community a basic principle of faith, as well as the Islamic concept and way of life. Allah has always been aware of what will take place in all future generations and the attitudes of other people towards Muslims.
We have seen that the enemies of this faith and the enemies of the Muslim community, in all generations, from among those who claim to be Christians, have been much greater in number than the Jews and disbelievers who have fought against Islam. All those groups have taken a hostile attitude against Islam, schemed and fought a relentless war against it ever since the Muslim community clashed with the Byzantine Empire at the time of Abu Bakr and Umar, the first two Caliphs. This continued right down to the Crusades and then to the “Oriental Question” which witnessed the grouping of Christian powers throughout the world in an alliance aimed at destroying the Muslim state altogether. This was followed by imperialism, which embodied the spirit of the Crusades. Such spirit continued to indicate itself in slips of the tongue made by imperialist leaders. Missionary work was initiated to further prepare the ground for imperialism and to give it support. This was followed by a relentless war against the pioneers of Islamic revival all over the world. In all such campaigns and efforts, Jews, Christians and disbelievers of all sorts have taken part and joined forces.
The Qur’an has been revealed so that it remains the constitution of the Muslim community until the Day of Judgment. It gives this community its methodological concept of faith, and lays down for it its social order and its method of operation. Hence, it teaches the Muslim community that it must never share patronage with anyone other than Allah, His Messenger and the believers. Alliances with Jews, Christians or disbelievers are forbidden outright, and their prohibition is repeatedly emphasized.
This religion of ours impresses on its followers the need for tolerance and that they must extend kind treatment to the people of earlier revelations, particularly those among them who claim to be Christians. It forbids them, however, to have a relationship of alliance and patronage with them. Tolerance and kind treatment is a question of behavior and good manners. Alliances, on the other hand, are a matter of faith and organizational groupings. Patronage and alliance mean mutual support between two camps and groups. This cannot take place between Muslims and the people of earlier revelations or with disbelievers, because to a Muslim such support is only a support for the cause of faith and for striving to establish its methods and system in practical life. How can such help and support operate between Muslims and non-Muslims over such a matter? This question is clear cut and allows no wavering. Indeed, Allah does not accept any attitude over this issue other than that of complete seriousness, which is the only attitude a Muslim may have towards his religion.