Sha'baan: A Blessed Month that People Neglect - II
Under category : Miscellaneous
The wisdom of fastingSha’baanmore than other months:
Ibn Al Qayyimsaid inTahtheeb As-Sunan,
“There are three points about fasting the month of Sha’baan more than other months:
First: the Prophet,used to fast three days every month. Perhaps he was busy and could not fast in some months, so he gathered all these in Sha’baan to fast them before the obligatory fast.
Second: he may have done so to honor Ramadhaan. This fast is similar to the regular voluntary prayers before the obligatory ones to honor them.
Third: it is a month when deeds are raised to Allaah The Almighty. Thus, the Prophet,liked his deeds to be raised while he was fasting.”
Ibn Hajarseconded this last opinion. He said,"Priority is given here to a more authentic Hadeeth which is: it was narrated on the authority of Usaamah ibn Zayd that he inquired,‘"O Messenger of Allaah, I never find you fasting in any month like you do during the month of Sha’baan."The Prophetsaid:"That is a month that people neglect. It comes between Rajab and Ramadhaan. It is a month in which the deeds are raised to the Lord of the Worlds. I love my deeds to be raised while I am fasting."’[An-Nasaa’i and Abu Daawood] [Ibn Khuzaymah:Saheeh]
A similar narration was narrated by ’Aa’ishah on the authority of Abu Ya‘la where the Prophet,said:“Allaah writes the names of those who are to die during the course of the year. So, I would rather not record my name except while I am fasting.”
How is it that the Prophet,, did not fast frequently inMuharram, despite the fact that he said:"it is the best fast"and he encouraged fasting inSha’baan?
This confusion was resolved by An-Nawawiand narrated by Ibn Hajar. He said,"Perhaps the Prophet,did not know this except by the end of his life; so, he was not able to fast a lot in Muharram. The other possibility is that he had many excuses such as travelling and illness, for example, which prevented him from fasting frequently in it."
Ibn Rajabadopts the view that fasting inSha’baanis better thanMuharrambecause of theHadeeth(narration) by At-Tirmithiwho said,"Fasting in Sha’baan resembles the regular voluntary prayers before or after the obligatory ones. On the other hand, when the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi was sallam, said:‘The best fast after Ramadhaan is the month of Allaah; Al-Muharram’, he meant voluntary fasting in general. However, the virtue of the fasting that precedes and follows Ramadhaan is narrated thereto. It falls between two great months, the forbidden month and the month of fasting. There might be something better than that whose virtue is known; either in general or for a certain privilege."[Al-Lataa’if]
Another virtue is mentioned aboutSha’baan. Mu‘aath ibn Jabalnarrated that the Prophet,said:“On the night of mid-Sha’baan, Allaah looks at His creation and forgives all of them except for the polytheist and the quarrelsome."[At-Tabaraani] [Al Albaani:Saheeh]
A final say about the night of mid-Sha’baan:
Shaykhul-Islamsaid (Al-Fataawa Al-Misriyyah),"The night of mid-Sha’baan has virtues. Some predecessors used to perform Qiyaam (voluntary night prayer) on it. However, gathering in mosques to revive it is a religious innovation. Rather, they used to pray in their houses like the usual Qiyaam night prayers. If some people gather to pray on this night as well as other nights without constantly doing so, there is no harm for the Prophet,led Ibn ‘Abbaas and Huthayfah in prayer. The ruler should prohibit these innovated gatherings."Ibn Rajabsaid,"This is the opinion adopted by Al-Awzaa‘i, the Imaam, jurist and scholar of the people of Shaam. It is the most correct opinion, Allaah willing."
Concerning theHadeeth:"When the middle of Sha’baan comes, do not fast"which was narrated by Ahmad, Abu Daawood, An-Nasaa’i and Ibn Maajah, it is aMunkarHadeethand classed as weak by Ibn Mahdi, Ahmad, Abu Zur‘ah and Al-Athram. It was narrated by Ahmadfor theHadeethin which the Prophet,says:"Do not precedeRamadhaan by fasting the day or two before it."However, what is understood from theHadeethis that it is permissible to fast two days beforeRamadhaan. At-Tahaawibelieves that it is abrogated. In any case, there was a consensus to abandon acting upon it. Regarding the day of mid-Sha’baan, it is not prohibited to fast on it, as it one of the White Days.