Integral Parts of the Prayer
Integral Parts of the Prayer:
They are the statements and postures which the negligence of any of which, intentionally or unintentionally, invalidates the prayer or invalidates the Rak‘ah (unit of prayer) in which it is neglected; being replaced by the next one.
They are as follows:
1- Standing while performing an obligatory prayer.
2- Opening Takbeer (in the beginning of prayer).
3- Reciting Al-Faatihah (the opening Chapter of the Noble Quran).
4- Bowing in every Rak‘ah.
5- Rising following bowing and standing upright.
6- Prostrating i.e. making one’s seven organs of prostration, namely the nose, the hand, the knees and bottom of the toes, touch the ground. Prostration is to be done twice in each Rak‘ah.
7- Raising oneself from prostration and sitting erect between the two prostrations.
8- Final Tashahhud and the posture of sitting for it.
9- Concluding prayer with Tasleem(1).
10- Observing succession when performing the above mentioned integral parts of prayers.
11- Being tranquil while performing all the actions of prayer.
(1)Tasleem: it is to say:‘As-Salaamu ‘alaykum wa rahmat-Allah (peace be upon you and the mercy of Allaah. (Translator)