He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, prevented them from addressing any matter without knowledge:
The Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, used to warn his wives against addressing a matter without having the requisite knowl-edge to address it. This is so that they do not hastily pass a ruling or make a wrong judgment on any matter.
“ The Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was called to lead the funeral prayer of a child of the Ansaar (the original residents of Madinah who supported the Muslims who migrated to them).
I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, there is happiness for this child who will be a bird from the birds of Paradise since he committed no sin nor has he reached the age when one can commit sin.’ He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:
“O ‘Aa’ishah, don’t be hasty, it may be otherwise, because Allah created for Paradise those who are fit for it while they were yet in their father’s loins and created for Hell those who are to go to Hell. He created them for Hell while they were yet in their father’s loins.””
An-Nawawi said: “The Muslim scholars have unanimously agreed that if any Muslim child dies (before reaching puberty) then he will be admitted to Paradise because he died before reaching the age of puberty when one is held accountable for his deeds. The scholars also stated that the previous narration was only to teach ‘Aa’ishah not to hasten in passing a judgment or a ruling without being fully certain that it is correct and without having evidence to substitute her statement.