His Guidance in Wudhu' (Ablution)

  • hepbuh usually made ablution for every prayer, although he might at times perform many prayers with one ablution.

  • for ablution, hepbuh used one measure1 of water or two thirds of it or sometimes slightly more.

  • hepbuh used ablution water with utmost care and warned his followers not to use water excessively.

  • hepbuh used to wash his limbs sometimes once, sometimes twice or three times, but never exceeded three times.

  • hepbuh sometimes used to rinse out his mouth and nose with one handful of water and sometimes two or three, and he pbuh would wash his mouth and nose together.

  • he pbuh used his right hand for taking in water and his left hand for expelling it.

  • hepbuh never made ablution without rinsing his mouth and nose.

  • hepbuh used to wipe over all of his head and often move his hands back and forth.

  • when hepbuh wiped over his forehead, he completed by including his turban.

  • hepbuh wiped the internal and external parts of his ears along with his head.

  • hepbuh washed his feet when he was not wearing slippers or socks.

  • his ablution was in sequence and uninterrupted, and he never did otherwise.

  • hepbuh would begin his ablution with "bismillah" and conclude it by saying:

i bear witness that there is no god but allah, alone, without any partner, and i bear witness that muhammad is his servant and messenger. o allah, make me of those who continually repent and of those who continually purify themselves." 2

he also said: “o allah, you are worthy of all glory and praise. i bear witness that there is no god but you. i seek your forgiveness and repent to you.

  • neither he nor any of his companions ever said at the beginning: "i intend to remove impurity to perform prayer."3

  • hepbuh never washed above the elbows and the ankles.

  • it was not his custom to dry his limbs.

  • hepbuh sometimes rubbed the water into his beard, but not always.

  • hepbuh often washed between his toes, but not always.

  • hepbuh did not expect someone to pour water for him while making ablution; he usually poured it himself, but sometimes another would help him when needed.

1 of approximately a litre.

2 at-tirmidhi.

3 i.e., he did not pronounce the intention out loud.

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