allaah is the most rich and the most generous
whatever one asks, allaah the almighty gives him more. it was narrated on the authority of abu sa‘eed that the prophet, , said: “‘no muslim supplicates allaah with a supplication that contains neither sin nor severing kinship ties, except that allaah gives him one of three things: he either answers his supplication, or saves it for him in the hereafter or diverts an equal amount of evil from him.’ they said, ‘so we shall ask allaah a lot.’ the prophet said: ‘allaah has more.’” [ahmad]
supplication drives away predestined afflictions as the prophet, , said: “nothing drives away predestined affliction but supplication, and nothing extends one’s life but righteousness.” [at-tirmithi]
in another hadeeth, the prophet, , said: “supplication is beneficial regarding the affliction that has already occurred and that which has not yet occurred, so adhere to it, o slaves of allaah.” [ahmad]
humility to allaah the almighty when supplicating him
supplication entails submission to allaah the almighty. ibn rajab said, “some of those who fear allaah used to sit at night, keeping silent, lowering their head, and raising their hands like a beggar. this condition shows how deep the need for allaah is. the more sincere, humble and needy we are in our supplication, the more likely our supplications will be answered.” al-awzaa‘i stated that it was said, "the best manner of supplication is insistence and begging allaah."
o you who supplicate, have good expectations of allaah the almighty.
allaah the almighty gives his slave according to his expectations of him; so if he thinks that his lord is generous, he is sure that allaah the almighty will not disappoint him, and asks him, while adhering to the manners of supplication, allaah the almighty will give him whatever he asks for and more. allaah the almighty says in a qudsi hadeeth (sacred narration): “i am with my slave as he thinks of me, and i am with him when he supplicates me.” [al-bukhaari and muslim]
supplicating in time of prosperity is one of the reasons for a supplication being answered
if one makes many supplications in times of prosperity, in addition to what he receives immediately and long term, it will be more likely that his supplication will be answered in times of hardship, than the one who does not supplicate except in times of calamities.
abu hurayrah narrated that the prophet, , said: “whoever likes allaah to respond to him in times of hardship, let him make much supplication in times of prosperity.” [at-tirmithi]
despite the fact that allaah the almighty created and provided for us, and has no need of us, he is too bashful to disappoint us if we supplicate him.
salmaan narrated that the prophet, , said: “allaah is modest and generous, and is shy to turn away empty the hands of his slave when he raises them to him.” [abu daawood and at-tirmithi]
righteousness is what counts, not strength
there may be a person who is considered insignificant because he is poor and weak, but he may be dear to allaah the almighty, and he does not ever neglect his supplications, as the prophet, , said: “there may be a man with dishevelled hair, driven away from the doors (but he is so pious) that if he were to swear in the name of allaah, he would definitely fulfill that.” [muslim]
do not be hasty when supplicating to allaah the almighty
it is wrong to leave supplication because one feels that allaah the almighty does not respond to him. the messenger of allaah, , said: “the supplication of everyone of you is granted if he does not grow impatient and say, ‘i supplicated but it was not granted.’” [al-bukhaari and muslim]
muwarriq al-‘ijli said, "i was never filled with anger, and i asked allaah for a need twenty years ago but he did not respond, yet i did not cease supplicating him.”
our righteous predecessors used to prolong their supplication. imaam maalik said, "‘aamir ibn ‘abdullaah ibn az-zubayr may begin to supplicate allaah after he finished the ‘ishaa’ prayer and did not finish it till fajr.”
moosa ibn ja‘far ibn muhammad entered the mosque of the prophet, , then he prostrated in the first part of the night and he kept saying till fajr, "my sins are great so i beg your pardon, o you who is worthy of fear and qualified for [granting] forgiveness.”
muslims should follow the practice of the prophets in supplication. imaam maalik was asked about the one who says 'o master', in supplication. he said, "i prefer the prophets’ supplication: o our lord.”
these days are for supplicating allaah the almighty
even though supplication is prescribed at all times, it is more likely to be accepted during the last ten days of ramadhaan. thus, strive to attain piety during these days of blessing, for the prophet, , used to avoid sexual intercourse with his wives (even though it is permissible), to pray the whole night and to wake his family in order to pray during the night during those virtuous days. he used to spend all the last ten nights in worshipping allaah the almighty, because it includes the night of al-qadr, prayers in which are worth praying more than the whole year for its virtue, so why not seek patience in order to witness it? they are just a few nights.
make sure you take advantage of these ten nights. show your best deeds to allaah the almighty. you may strive for a few days that will be your path to eternal happiness. everyone goes through these days: both the hardworking ones and the heedless; but their actions differ, so do not let the devil deceive you, and do not lose opportunities in these days as you may have lost others.