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Knowing Allah
  
  

Under category The Prophet’s Qualities
Creation date 2012-05-07 09:38:37
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when the son of his daughter died, and his eyes filled with tears, sa`d ibn `ubadah may allah be pleased with him said to him, "what is this, o messenger of allah peace be upon him ?"

لمّا ماتَ ابْنُ ابْنَتِه فَاضَتْ عَينَاهُ صلى الله عليه و سلم، فَقَالَ لَهُ سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ: مَا هَذَا يَا رسُولَ اللهِ؟ فَقَالَ: "إِنَّهَا رَحْمَةٌ, جَعَلَهَا اللهُ فِي قُلُوبِ عِبَادِهِ، وَإِنَّمَا يَرْحَمُ اللهُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الرُّحَمَاء" [متفق عليه].

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and the prophet peace be upon him said, "when someone slaps or beats his slave, its expiation is to free him." (abu dawud – graded saheeh by al-albani)

 

وَقَالَ النبيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "مَنْ لَطَمَ مَمْلُوكًا لَهُ أَوْ ضَرَبَهُ، فَكَفَّارَتُهُ أَنْ يَعْتِقَهُ" [رواه أبو داود وصححه الألبانيُّ].

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and the prophet rbuh himself said, "indeed, i was sent as a mercy." (muslim)

وَقَالَ النِّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "إِنَّما بُعِثْتُ رَحْمَةً"[رواه مسلم].

 

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the prophet pbuh was a mercy for all humanity. allah the almighty described him as such, saying:

"and we did not send you [o muhammad] but as a mercy to the worlds." (21:107) 

لَقَدْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم رَحْمةً لِلبَشَرِيَّةِ كُلِّها، وَقَدْ وَصَفَهُ اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى بِذَلِكَ فَقَال: وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ إِلَّا رَحۡمَةً۬ لِّلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ  [الأنبياء: 107].

 

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"o muhammad! indeed, allah has heard what your people say to you and how they respond to you. i am the angel of the mountains and allah has sent me to you to order me to do whatever you wish. if you wish, i will crush them between the two mountains."  but the messenger of allah replied, "rather, i hope that allah will bring forth from their loins those who will worship allah alone without any partner and not associate anything with him."  (al-bukhari and muslim)

يَا مُحَمَّد! إِنَّ اللهَ قَدْ سَمِعَ قَوْلَ قَوْمِك لَك، وَمَا رَدُّوا عَلَيْكَ، وَأَنَا مَلَكُ الجِبَالِ, وَقَدْ بَعَثَنِي اللهُ إِلَيْكَ لِتَأْمُرَنِي بِأَمْرِك فَما شِئْتَ؟ إِنْ شِئتَ أَنْ أُطْبِق عَلَيْهِم الْأَخْشَبَيْنِ". فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "بَلْ أَرْجُو أَنْ يُخْرِجَ اللهُ مِنْ أَصْلَابِهِمْ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ اللهَ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَلَا يُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا"[متفق عليه].

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how true were the words of the prophet when he said,

"i am but a bestowed mercy." (al-hakim) 

وَصَدَقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم إِذْ يَقُول: "إِنَّما أَنَا رَحْمَةٌ مُهْدَاةٌ"[رَوَاه الحاكم

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"no person kills a bird or anything larger without right but that allah will ask him about it on the day of resurrection."  someone asked, "o messenger of allahr, what is its right?" he pbuh said,

"its right is that one slaughters it to be eaten and not merely cuts off its head and throws it away." (an-nasa'i)

"مَا مِنْ إِنْسَانٍ يَقْتُلُ عُصْفُورًا فَمَا فَوْقَهَا بِغَيْرِ حَقِّهَا، إِلَّا سَأَلَهُ اللهُ عَنْهَا يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ". قِيل: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ! وَمَا حقُّها؟ قَالَ: "حَقُّهَا أَنْ يَذْبَحَهَا فَيَأْكُلَهَا, وَلَا يَقْطَعُ رَأْسَهَا فَيَرْمِي بِهِ"[رواه النَّسائيُّ]

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the prophet also ordered kindness when slaughtering. he said,

"indeed, allah has decreed ihsaan (precision) for all things. so when you kill, kill well; and when you slaughter, slaughter well. let each one of you sharpen his blade, and let him spare suffering to the animal he slaughters." (muslim)

وَقَدْ أَمَرَ النبيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم بِالإحْسَانِ عِنْدَ ذَبْحِ الذَّبَائحِ فَقَال عليهِ الصَّلاةُ والسَّلامُ: "إِنَّ اللهَ كَتَبَ الْإِحْسَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ، فَإِذَا قَتَلْتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الْقِتْلَةَ, وَإِذَا ذَبَحْتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الذِّبْحَةَ, وَلِيُحِدَّ أَحَدُكُمْ شَفْرَتَهُ، فلْيُرِحْ ذَبِيحَتَهُ"[رواه مسلم]

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and allah's messenger pbuh said,

"do not take anything in which has a soul as a target."  

(al-bukhari and muslim)

وَقَالَ النبيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "لَا تَتَّخِذُوا شَيْئًا فِيهِ الرُّوحُ غَرَضًا"[متَّفقٌ عليْهِ

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i have ten commandments to you:

don't destroy inhabited places, don't kill sheep or camels except for eating, don't sink palms or burn it, don't exaggerate, don't be coward, don't kill children, women, or old people, don't cut fruitful trees)

these texts and the other islamic military rules established by the prophet comprised the moral principles of war, such as:

 

1. dedication and neutrality concerning the actual objectives of the war and leave any thing related to the hatred, treachery, revenge or retaliation.

2- keep the environment and avoid spoiling the land such as burning trees and killing the animals except when necessary.

3- not confronting the non-warriors such as the women, children and the old people.

4- religious forgiveness, respecting the sacred places of the others, not killing the priests or ministers unless they fight muslims or support fighting the muslims and avoid their churches and worship places

 

 

(إني أوصيكم بعشر: لا تخربن عامرا، ولا تعقرن شاة ولا بعيرا إلا

لمأكلة، ولا تغرقن نخلا، ولا تحرقنه، ولا تغلل، و لا تجبن، ولا تقتلن صبيا، ولا امرأة، ولا كبيرا هرما، ولا تقطعن شجرا مثمرا)

 

وهذه النصوص وغيرها من دستور العسكرية الإسلامية التي وضعها رسول الله تشتمل على الأصول الأخلاقية للحرب، وهذه جملتها:


1- الإخلاص والتجرد للأهداف الحقيقية للحرب وترك ما يخالف ذلك من غلول وغدر وثأر وانتقام.
2-
المحافظة على البيئة واجتناب الفساد في الأرض بتحريق الأشجار وقتل الحيوانات لغير ضرورة.
3-
عدم التعرض لغير المقاتلين من النساء والصبيان والشيوخ.
4-
السماحة الدينية واحترام مقدسات الآخرين، بعدم قتل الرهبان والقسيسين ما لم يقاتلوا أو يعينوا على القتال، وعدم التعرض كذلك لبيعهم وكنائسهم بسوء.

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فتح مكة

وَيفْتَحُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم مَكَّةَ، وَيدْخُلُها فِي عَشْرةِ آلافِ مُقَاتِلٍ, وَيُحكِّمُه اللهُ عَزَّ وجَلَّ فِي رِقَاب مَنْ آذَوْه وَطَردُوه وَتَآمَرُوا عَلَى قَتْلِه، وَأَخْرَجُوه مِن بَلدِهِ، وَقَتلُوا أَصْحَابَه وَفَتنُوهُمْ فِي دِينِهِمْ.

فَيَقُولُ أَحَدُ الصَّحَابَةِ وَقَدْ تَمَّ هَذَا الفَتْحُ الْأَعْظَمُ "اليومَ يَوْمُ الملْحَمَة"فَيَقُولُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "بَلْ اليَوْمَ يَومُ المرْحَمَةِ".

ثُمَّ يخْرُج النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم إِلى هَؤُلاءِ المنْهزِمِينَ وَقَدْ شَخِصتْ أَبْصَارُهمْ, وَوجِلَتْ قُلوبُهمْ, وَجَفَّتْ حُلُوقُهمْ، يَنْتَظِرونَ مَاذا سَيفْعَلُ بِهم هَذا القَائِدُ المنتَصِرُ، وَهمُ الّذِينَ اعْتادُوا عَلى الْغَدْرِ وَالانْتِقامِ وَالتَّمثيلِ بِقَتْلى المسْلِمينَ كَمَا فَعلُوا فِي أُحُدٍ وَغَيْرِهَا.

فَقَالَ لَهمْ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "يَا معْشَر قُرَيْشٍ مَا تروْنَ أَنِّي فَاعِلٌ بِكُمْ؟".

قَالُوا: خَيْرًا! أَخٌ كَرِيمٌ وَابْنُ أخٍ كَرِيمٍ.

فَقَالَ لَهم النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه و سلم: "اذْهَبُوا فَأَنْتُمُ الطُّلَقَاءُ"فَانْطلَقوا كَأَنَّهم نُشِروا مِنَ القُبورِ.

 

and when the prophet pbuh conquered makkah, entering it with ten thousand warriors, allah gave him the decision concerning those who had abused and persecuted him, plotted his assassination, expelled him from his homeland, killed his companions and tortured them because of their religion. one of his companions said, "today is a day of massacre." but the prophet  said,

"no, but today is a day of mercy." 

then he pbuh went before the defeated people whose eyes were wide with fear and whose hearts were trembling, waiting to see what the victorious conqueror would do with them. their own custom was that of betrayal, vengeance and mutilation of those killed, as they had done to the muslims in the battle of uhud and elsewhere. but the prophet  said to them,

"o quraysh, what do you suppose i should do with you?"

 they replied, "what is good. you are a generous brother and the son of a generous brother." the messenger of allah replied, "go, for you are free."  they felt as if they had been retrieved from their graves.


 


 

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upon any war the prophet ordered:

set off the name of allah and do not kill old men, children or women....”

كما روىأنَسُ بنُ مَالِكٍ رضي الله عنه : « انْطَلِقُوا باسْمِ الله وَبالله وَعَلَى مِلَّةِ رَسُولِ الله ، وَلا تَقْتُلُوا شَيْخاً فَانِياً وَلاَ طِفْلاً وَلا صَغيراً وَلا امْرَأةً ، وَلا تَغُلُّوا وَضُمُّوا غَنَائِمَكُم وَأصْلِحُوا وَأحْسِنُوا إنَّ الله يُحِبُّ المُحْسِنِينَ » رواه أبو داود ..


 




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