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Under category : Mukhtasar Sirah al-Nabi
2429 2012/05/07 2024/06/17
his freed slaves
zayd ibn hārithah ibn sharāhīl al-kalbī; his son, usāmah ibn zayd who was known as ‘the intimate friend, son of the intimate friend’; thawbān ibn bujdud; abū kabashah of mixed arab descent, his name was sulaym and he was present at badr; anasah, he was of mixed lineage and from al-sarrāt; Şalih shuqrān; rabāh al-aswad; yasār the nabatean; abū rāfi` whose name was aslam, it is also said his name was ibrāhīm, he was a servant al-`abbās who gifted him to the prophet (saw) who set him free; abū muwayhibah who was of mixed arab descent from banū muzaynah; fadālah; rāfi` who belonged to sa`īd ibn al-`Āş, his children inherited him from him and some set him free while others did not, he came to the prophet (saw) to ask for help, he was then gifted to him (saw) and set free. he would say, ‘i am the freed slave of the messenger of allāh (saw); mid`am al-aswad, he was gifted him by rifā`ah ibn zayd al-judhāmī, he was of mixed arab descent from hismā and was killed at wādī al-qurā; kirkirah, who used to carry the belongings of the prophet (saw) while travelling; zayd, the grandfather of hilāl ibn yasār ibn zayd; `ubayd; Ţahmān or kaysān or mihrān or dhakwān or marwān; ma’būr, the copt, who was gifted him by al-muqawqis; wāqid; abū wāqid[1]; hishām; abū éumayrah; hunayn; abū `asīb whose name was ahmar; abū `ubayd; and safīnah who was the servant of salamah, the wife of the prophet (saw), and she set him free, setting a condition that he must serve the prophet (saw). he would say, ‘even if she had not stipulated this, i would never have left the messenger of allāh (saw)!’
these are the famous ones and it is said that they reach forty in number.
some of the females were: salmā umm rāfi`, umm ayman, barakah who was usāmah ibn zayd’s mother and he (saw) inherited her from his father, maymūnah bint sa`d,[2] khadirah and radwah
his horses
the first horse he owned was sakab. he bought it off a bedouin who called it daris but he changed its name. it was unique, having a white streak and white hooves and it was the first horse that he undertook a military expedition on. he also had sabhah which is the horse he raced on and won. he also had murtajiz which was the one he bought from the bedouin arab of the tribe of banī murrah. khuzaymah ibn thābit testified on his behalf [on timely payment].
sahl ibn sa`d al-sā`idī said, ‘the messenger of allāh (saw) had three horses: lizāz, dharib and luhayf.’
lizāz was gifted him by muqawqis, luhayf was gifted him by rabī`ah ibn abū al-barā’a, and dharib was gifted him by farwah ibn `amr al-judhāmī.
he also had a horse called ward which was gifted him by tamīm al-dārī which he then gave to `umar and later found it being sold.
he (saw) had a mule called duldul upon which he used to ride on his journeys. it lived on after his death until it grew old and lost its teeth, barley would then be ground for it to eat. it died at yanbu`.[3]
he (saw) had a donkey called `ufayr which died during the farewell pilgrimage.
he had twenty milking camels and also one he called burdah which was gifted him by dahhāk ibn sufyān which would give the milk of two camels. he also had mihrah which was sent to him by sa`d ibn `ubādah and shaqrā’. he also had `adbā’ which was bought for him by abū bakr from banū harīsh. this is the camel he rode when performing the hijrah; this camel was also called qaşwā’ and jad`ā’; it lost a race once and this bore down heavily on the muslims.
he had seven sheep used for wool and milk: `ujrah, zamzam, suqyā, barakah, warasah, aţlāl and aţrāf. he also had one hundred other sheep.
his weapons
he (saw) had three spears which he acquired from the weapons of banū qaynaqā`. he had three bows, one called rawhā’, the second made from wood from the shawqaţ tree and the third called Şafrā’. he had a shield on which was a picture of a ram’s head which he intensely disliked, one morning he awoke to find that allāh, mighty and magnificent, had caused the picture to disappear. he had a sword called dhu’l-fiqār which he appropriated from the war booty on the day of badr and it was the sword that he saw in his dream on the day of uhud,[4] it used to belong to munabbih ibn al-hajjāj al-sahmī. from the weapons of banū qaynaqā` he acquired three other swords; a sword from qula`, a second called battār and a third called hatf. he later acquired two more swords called mikhdam and rusūb. anas ibn mālik said, ‘the tip of the sheath of the messenger of allāh (saw) was made of silver, the pommel of his sword was also made of silver.’ he had two suits of armour which he acquired from the weapons of banū qaynaqā`, one which was called sa`diyyah and the other, fidda. it is reported that muhammad ibn salamah said, ‘on the day of uhud, i saw the messenger of allāh (saw) wearing two suits of armour, fidda and dhātu’l-fudūl, and i also saw him wearing two on the day of khaybar, dhātu’l-fudūl and sa`diyyah.’,[5]

[1] the correct position is that he is either wāqid or abū wāqid as mentioned by salmān in his notes to sakhāwī, al-fakhr al-mutawālī [p. 61].
[2] others said that her name was maymūnah bint sa`īd.
[3] a famous city today in saudi arabia, on the red sea coast.
[4] wherein he saw himself brandishing it and it breaking, which he interpreted to mean that his companions would be killed on the day of uhud.
cf. bukhārī #4081 and muslim #2272.
[5] bukhārī [#7420]


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