Argument and quibbling
There were three tenets of the Prophet’s teachings that thepagans found unacceptable. In fact, these three concepts were thesources of much of the discord between them and the Muslims.The notion of resurrection on the Day of Judgment, the idea of amortal prophet and the concept of the unity of Allah (Tawheed),were, in their eyes, incredible and absurd.
The concept of resurrection, they believed, was no more thana fanciful idea. They would say, “How can we be raised again afterbeing reduced to dust and bone? How can our ancestors bebrought back to life?” Talking among themselves, they wouldmock the Prophet’s teaching regarding the resurrection and theHereafter. “Come. I will show you someone who claims that youwill be raised anew after being torn into pieces. Who knowswhether he is inventing stories about God or has gone mad?”
Allah himself explains the notion of resurrection in severalverses of the Qur’an. Whereas the pagans found it illogical, theQur’an appeals to our sense of justice and presents resurrection asan essential, natural component of the life cycle.
The Qur’an asks us to imagine the case of an oppressor whodies without having been punished for the suffering he inflicted.In addition, what about the case of someone who dies havingsuffered unjustly at the hands of an oppressor? Alternatively, wemay even consider the case of a virtuous person who dies withouthaving been rewarded for his virtue, or an evil person who wasnever punished for his unjust deeds. If nothing happens to aperson after death, and if death is indeed the final chapter of ourlives, then each person mentioned above would merely lie in agrave for eternity.
In this case, the oppressors and wrong-doers, in fact, wouldemerge victorious because death would protect them from beingheld accountable for their actions, while those who sufferedunjustly in this life would never be rewarded. However, our senseof justice rejects the idea that such an unfair system could havebeen created by Allah, Who is more just than any of Hiscreations. Such a corrupt system would encourage people to do asthey pleased without fear of retribution. Allah says in the Qur’an:“Shall We treat those who believe the same as those who arecorrupt? What has happened to you? How can you believe such athing?” (68: 35-36)
“Or do those who spread evil think that We shall considerthem equal to the virtuous believers, both in this world and thenext? How corrupt is their judgment!” (45: 21)
Is it rational to believe that Allah can give life to that which isdead? Allah says: “What is more difficult to create: you, or theheavens that He placed above your heads?” (79: 27)
“Do they not understand that Allah, He Who created theheavens and earth effortlessly, is able to resurrect the dead?Indeed, Allah has power over all things.” (46: 33)
He also says: “Just as We began creation, We shall repeat itonce again. This is a promise that We have made, and We shallcertainly carry it out.” (21: 104)